The campus was unable to use any of its classrooms because of the damage the buildings sustained. Subsequently, a team was sent out to film footage of the quake-damaged areas of the city. How big was the earthquake? The airport was reopened in stages after the quake. Geological Survey and Southern California Earthquake Center: The magnitude 6.7 Northridge, California, earthquake of 17 January 1994. By KTAR Newsroom January 16, 2014 at 5:00 pm. 1994 Northridge earthquake, most of the fatalities occurred in buildings suffering from this particular type of irregular configuration. The comparison of the seismic behavior of underground braced walls with ACI 318 design method reveals that bending moment and shear force of the walls under Northridge earthquake loads were observed to reach 2.8 and 2.7 times as large as the respective allowable limits. Especially hard hit was the area between Santa Monica Canyon and Saint John's Hospital, a linear corridor that suffered a significant amount of property damage. It was the last deadly quake to strike a U.S. metropolitan region. . The quake produced unusually strong ground accelerations in the range of 1.0 g. Damage was also caused by fire and landslides. [12] In addition, property damage was estimated to be $13–50 billion (equivalent to $22–86 billion in 2014),[13] making it one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history. While many businesses remained closed in the days following the quake, some infrastructure was not able to be rebuilt for months, even years later. On April 18, 1906, an earthquake and subsequent fires devastated San Francisco, California, leaving more than 3,000 people dead and destroying more than 28,000 buildings. CSUN received financial assistance for its efforts in reestablishing the damaged buildings with monetary gifts from the McCarthy Foundation, the Common Wealth Fund, and the Union Bank Foundation. The Northridge earthquake was the costliest natural disaster to have occurred in the United States at the time, and is today the third largest economic loss caused by a natural disaster in the nation’s history. An estimated $350 million (equivalent to $600 million today) was used to supply the number of trailers and domes which housed classes and administration offices. The main courtroom set was in shambles. Additional damage occurred about 50 miles (80 km) southeast in the city of Anaheim, located in Orange County, as the scoreboard at Anaheim Stadium collapsed onto several hundred seats. In response, the California Legislature created the California Earthquake Authority (CEA), which is a publicly managed but privately funded organization that offers minimal coverage. The 1994 Northridge earthquake was a moment magnitude 6.7 (Mw),[6] blind thrust earthquake that occurred on January 17, 1994, at 4:30:55 a.m. PST in the San Fernando Valley region of the County of Los Angeles. Science 1994 ; 266 : … This respiratory disease is caused by inhaling airborne spores of the fungus. [19] The duo spoke to Los Angeles-area residents about their situation. [16], Damage occurred up to 85 miles (137 km) away, with the most damage in the west San Fernando Valley, and the cities and neighborhoods of Santa Monica, Hollywood, Simi Valley and Santa Clarita. [48] In addition, the newly completed student parking structure C collapsed, and had to be demolished. Periodic rumbles were nothing new to Alaskans—four out of every five U.S. earthquakes occur in the state—but the quake that struck at 5:36 p.m. local time on Good Friday was unlike any ...read more, San Francisco’s location along the San Andreas Fault means that the city is, and always will be, prone to earthquakes. (1997). The 1994 Northridge earthquake was a moment magnitude 6.7 (Mw), blind thrust earthquake that occurred on January 17, 1994, at 4:30:55 a.m. PST in the San Fernando Valley region of the County of Los Angeles. [citation needed] Estimates of total damage range between $13 and $40 billion.[30]. The 1994 Northridge Earthqake occured on a then unknown fault. The 1994 Northridge Earthquake was a violent natural disaster that took place on Monday, January 17, 1994 at 0430 Pacific Standard Time around the Los Angeles area. The rebuilt interchange was renamed in his honor a year later.[28]. [46] The 6.7 magnitude earthquake damaged several buildings as well as destroying all communications, such as telephone lines and causing computer systems to shut down. LOS ANGELES (AP) — The 1994 Northridge earthquake shook Los Angeles residents from their sleep, caused freeways to … On January 17, 1994, at 4:31 a.m. PST, a magnitude 6 .7 earthquake centered in Northridge struck the southern California area. Afterward, anchors and reporters Stan Chambers and Hal Fishman of KTLA, Laura Diaz, Ann Martin and Harold Greene of KABC, John Beard of KTTV, and Michael Tuck, Linda Alvarez and Tritia Toyota of KCBS were doing coverage throughout the day. Five days later, it was estimated that between 40,000 and 60,000 customers were still without public water service. FEMA/Robert A. Eplett. The earthquake struck in the San Fernando Valley about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. Angel Stadium of Anaheim (then known as Anaheim Stadium) suffered some damage when the scoreboard fell into the seats. The 1994 Northridge earthquake was named for Northridge based on early estimates of the location of the quake's epicenter; however, further refinements showed it to be technically in neighboring Reseda. FM radio stations such as KRTH, KIIS, KOST and KCBS radio were bringing special reports when morning show hosts Robert W. Morgan, Rick Dees and Charlie Tuna were calling Los Angeles residents and others from their sister stations to bring their belongings to the stations and advising people not to drink water. The quake ruptured the San Andreas fault to the north and south of the city, for a total of 296 miles, and ...read more, On September 21, 1999, an earthquake in Taiwan killed more than 2,400 people, destroyed or damaged thousands of buildings and left an estimated 100,000 people homeless. [32] In the San Fernando Valley, several underground gas and water lines were severed, resulting in some streets experiencing simultaneous fires and floods. The Los Angeles City Hall suffered no damage. Northridge earthquake of 1994, earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California, U.S., on Jan. 17, 1994. Date January 17, 1994 (1994-01-17) Origin time 04:31 PST (12:30 UTC) Magnitude 6.7 Mw. In response, the state created the California Earthquake Authority as a publicly managed, primarily privately funded organization providing basic residential earthquake coverage. In Valencia, the California Institute of the Arts experienced heavy damage, with classes relocated to a nearby Lockheed test facility for the remainder of 1994. LOS ANGELES (AP) — The 1994 Northridge earthquake shook Los Angeles residents from their sleep, caused freeways to crumble and flattened buildings. The third major earthquake to occur in the state in 23 years (after the 1971 San Fernando Valley and 1989 San Francisco–Oakland earthquakes), the Northridge earthquake was the state’s most destructive one since the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 and the … NBC station KNBC was the first television station to go on the air, with reporter Joe Rico beginning the station's coverage just two minutes after the earthquake began[54] while anchors Kent Shocknek, Carla Aragon, Colleen Williams and Chuck Henry were producing special reports throughout the morning. However, the damage revealed that some structural specifications did not perform as intended. Enrollment dropped by approximately 1,000 students, leaving some homeless as dormitories were closed due to damage which rendered them unsafe and which required repair.[51]. It was closed for the second time since the Loma Prieta earthquake. The daily commute for many drivers in the weeks following was significantly lengthened, notably for those traveling between Santa Clarita and Los Angeles, and commuters on I-10 traveling to and from the Westside. Did you know? The Los Angeles Public Library shut down most of its branches; books were knocked down during the quake. The Archdiocese of Los Angeles's Cathedral of St. Vibiana suffered severe damage and canceled activities until a new cathedral was built in 2002. However, school buildings (K-12), which are required by California law to be reinforced, in general, survived fairly well. Most of Alaska’s mainland felt the magnitude 9.2 earthquake, which wobbled Seattle’s Space Needle some 1,200 miles ...read more, [slideshow]As the sunlight waned on March 27, 1964, Alaska’s frozen ground shivered violently. Share . tells the story of the event. The 1994 Spring semester was delayed by two weeks due to the Northridge earthquake. The Northridge earthquake was used as a plot device in the 2004 film, A song about the earthquake was featured in the, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 19:40. The building containing the set was later "red tagged" as unsafe due to the damage it sustained. The University of Southern California suffered some structural damage to several older campus buildings, but classes were conducted as scheduled. Earthquake facts. [31] Numerous fires were also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling. For example, the behavior of underground walls has been evaluated for the Northridge earthquake using numerical methods. British musicians Paul Hardcastle and Simon Harris narrowly escaped injury and were among guests evacuated when the Sheraton-Universal Hotel in Universal City, California where they were staying was damaged during the earthquake. The earthquake had a strong moment magnitude at around 6.7, although ground acceleration was one of the highest ever recorded in an urban region of North America . [24] Not only were they unable to serve their local neighborhoods, but they also had to transfer out their inpatient populations, which further increased the burden on nearby hospitals that were still operational. The real quake struck only weeks before filming was completed. The Los Angeles Unified School District closed local schools throughout the area, which reopened one week later. Los Angeles' radio and television stations were knocked off the air, but resumed coverage later. Although several commercial buildings also collapsed, loss of life was minimized because of the early morning hour of the quake, and because it also occurred on a federal holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day). All of the earthquake sequences in the Wes Craven film New Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge quake. The most notable was to the Santa Monica Freeway, Interstate 10, known as the busiest freeway in the United States, congesting nearby surface roads for three months while the freeway was repaired. . [52] CSUN also received assistance from government agencies FEMA and OES to support the recovery effort and serve the needs of the local community. The fact that the quake occurred on a federal holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day) and in the early morning hours when most people were home in bed was critical in reducing the number of casualties. The Northridge Earthquake: January 17, 1994. The peak ground velocity at the Rinaldi Receiving Station was 183 centimetres per second (4.1 mph; 6.6 km/h),[10] the fastest ever recorded. Schneider, E., Hajjeh, R. A., Spiegel, R. A., Jibson, R. W., Harp, E. L., Marshall, G. A., . The 1994 Northridge Earthquake was a violent natural disaster that took place on Monday, January 17, 1994 at 0430 Pacific Standard Time around the Los Angeles area. The earthquake had a strong moment magnitude at around 6.7, although ground acceleration was one of the highest ever recorded in an urban region of North America. Six new stations opened in six weeks. Northridge Earthquake By Jake and Jordi Damage Quick Facts The Northridge earthquake caused extensive damage to parking structures and freeway overpasses Northridge earthquake triggered landslides in the Santa Susana Mountains, Santa Monica Mountains, and western San Gabriel Despite the fact that the disaster was one of the most powerful and destructive quakes ever to hit a populated area of the United States, ...read more, The 1964 Alaska earthquake, the strongest earthquake ever recorded in North America, struck Alaska’s Prince William Sound, about 74 miles southeast of Anchorage. Chercher les emplois correspondant à 1994 northridge earthquake facts ou embaucher sur le plus grand marché de freelance au monde avec plus de 19 millions d'emplois. The cast and crew had initially thought that the scenes that were filmed before the real quake struck were a bit overdone, but upon viewing the footage after the earthquake, they were reportedly startled by the realism of it. [24] Actress Iris Adrian died in September 1994 from complications of a broken hip she suffered in the earthquake. A Quake!" Northridge Earthquake: Aftermath. Damage to the system resulted in water pressure dropping to zero in some areas; this predictably affected success in fighting subsequent fires. Portions of a number of major roads and freeways, including Interstate 10 over La Cienega Boulevard, and the interchanges of Interstate 5 with California State Route 14, 118, and Interstate 210, were closed because of structural failure or collapse. [27] LAPD motorcycle officer Clarence Wayne Dean died because of the collapse of the Newhall Pass interchange, falling 40 feet from the damaged connector from southbound 14 to southbound I-5. The earthquake also gained worldwide attention because of damage to the vast freeway network, which serves millions of commuters every day. Facts about the 1994 Northridge earthquake. [49] In the Science Complex, Building #1 and #2 suffered fire damage while the bridges connecting buildings #3 #4 were closed and named unstable. [57], Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the weeks following. Gazzarri's nightclub suffered irreparable damage and had to be torn down. Learn 1994 Northridge earthquake facts for kids. The set, which is at ABC Television Center, suffered major damage, including partial structural collapse and water damage. [35], Eleven hospitals suffered structural damage and were damaged or rendered unusable. The 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake (M=5.9), like the Northridge shock, occurred on a buried, previously unknown fault. [29] The stadium was vacant at the time. Additionally, many businesses were forced to relocate or use temporary facilities in order to accommodate structural damage to their original locations or the difficulty accessing them. Two 6.0 Mw  aftershocks followed, the first about one minute after the initial event and the second approximately 11 hours later, the strongest of several thousand aftershocks in all. All MTA bus lines operated service with detours and delays on the day of the quake. This was the first earthquake to strike directly under an urban area of the United States since the 1933 Long Beach earthquake . Northridge Earthquake facts. Most casualties and damage occurred in multi-story wood frame buildings (such as the three-story Northridge Meadows apartment building). In particular, buildings with an unstable first floor (such as those with parking areas on the bottom) performed poorly. [50] The Fine Arts Building and the South Library experienced internal structural damage, resulting in the demolition and replacement of both buildings. Depth 19.0 km (11.8 mi) Epicenter location 34°12′25″N 118°32′06″W / 34.207°N 118.535°W / 34.207; 118.535 Coordinates: 34°12′25″N 118°32′06″W / 34.207°N 118.535°W / 34.207; -118.535. [40][41] James E. Roberts was chief bridge engineer with Caltrans and was placed in charge of the seismic retrofit program for Caltrans until his death in 2006. More than 80,000 people perished as a result of the quake, while an estimated 4 million ...read more, The powerful earthquake killed more than 10,000 and left another 30,000 others injured and as many as a quarter of a million people homeless. Although given the name "Northridge", where the quake was believed to have been centered and substantial damage occurred, the actual epicenter was pinpointed in the neighboring community of Reseda within several days. [45] The 1994 Northridge earthquake greatly affected the CSUN campus, damaging much of its infrastructure, and causing multiple fires and explosions throughout the campus. The Church on the Way, which is near the epicenter, suffered moderate damage to the church campus building. At around 7:19 a.m. on September 19, 1985, Mexico City, one of the world’s largest urban areas, was jolted by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake, ...read more, On October 17, 1989, a magnitude 6.9 earthquake hit the San Francisco Bay Area, killing 67 people and causing more than $5 billion in damages. Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan declared a state of emergency and issued curfews in the area, while Governor Pete Wilson and President Bill Clinton visited Los Angeles to tour the area. As a result, the state legislature passed a law requiring all hospitals in California to ensure that their acute care units and emergency rooms would be in earthquake-resistant buildings by January 1, 2005. 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