Taking the advantage of the unpaid soldiers, he brainwashed them then Quli Khan was responsible for the due of their salaries. One of them was the Punyah which occurred at the last week of Bengali month of Chaitra. He was followed by his son in law Shuja-ud-din Muhammad, his son Sarfaraz Khan and then Alivardi Khan. In one such morning when Quli Khan was going to meet Azim-us-Shan, the soldiers under the leadership of Abdul Wahid surrounded him and asked him for their salaries. 1670. [3], Aurangzeb appointed Quli Khan as the Diwan of Bengal in c. 1700. He was the first Nawab of Bengal. But his son-in-law Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan did not accept it and planned to fight a war against him. Murshid Quli khan was appointed as Bengal’s diwan by Aurangzeb as naib subedar and later as subedar in 1717 by Farukh Siyar.He was also granted the governorship of Orissa b.y the Emperor Farukh Siyar in 1719.The capital was shifted from Dacca to Murshidabad.He gradually assumed autonomy though he Aurangzeb sent him to Bengal as the divan in 1700. The Nasiri dynasty of Murshid Quli Khan ended with the death of Sarfaraz Khan. lokdureja196 lokdureja196 Answer: learners chick lath on UNSW did leaves and leave to make a . Murshid Quli Khan was then the Nawab of Bengal. It continued to be the capital under the British until 1790 and is still the seat of the prominent descendants of the nawabs of Bengal. Hence the subah office was shifted to Mukshusabad. According to Sarkar, he did so to form an allegiance with him as he thought that it would be impossible to occupy the Delhi throne without the support of local nobility. Answer. He was succeeded by his son-in-law, Shujauddin who ruled till 1739. Log in. His poetic name was 'Makhmur'. Alivardi Khan’s grandson Siraj-ud-daula became the Nawab, raising jealousies and enmity among his peers. Quli Khan thought that it would be easy for him to keep a vigil on their actions. Born a Hindu in the Deccan Plateau c. 1670, Murshid Quli Khan was bought by Mughal noble Haji Shafi. This change of name was approved by the then Mughal emperor and thus Murshid Quli Khan became the Nawab of Bengal. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ After the death of Alivardi khan who became the nawab of Bengal? B. Sirajuddaula. He is also one of the few Mughal-era leaders known for his victory during the Battle of Burdwan against the Maratha Empire. [9] But according to newspapaper Tarikh-i-Bangla and Persian historian Riwaz-us-Salatin, the city was renamed in c. 1704. Born as a Hindu Brahmin in the Deccan Plateau in c. 1670, Quli Khan was bought by Mughal noble Haji Shafi. Patna , also known as Pataliputra is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. [16] In the eastern end of the city he built the Katra Masjid in 1724 where he was buried after his death. Murshid Quli Khan was followed by Alivardi Khan and then Sirajuddaulah as the Nawab of Bengal. Murshid Quli Khan was the First Nawab of Bengal whose reign in this capacity was from 1717 to 1727. He also commanded the revenue administration of the state, like the rulers of Awadh and Hyderabad. During his reign, he changed the jagirdari system with the mal jasmani which would later transform into zamindari system. Well written: 1a. Notes: Murshid Quli Khan was the First Nawab of Bengal whose reign in this capacity was from 1717 to 1727. How could the Nawab of Bengal, Murshid Quli khan , not protest?" Though he was never a subadar, he very quickly seized all the power that went with that office. He was tolerant and secular. Although he was the Nawab of Bengal he also used titles such as Nizam, he also chose Faujdarsfrom various regions such as Patna, Dacca and Orissa. This made Murshid Quli a ‘life-saving angel in the eyes of the emperor’ and the emperor’s trust in Murshid Quli Khan became unshakable. He also gave him the title of Murshid Quli and gave him the permission of renaming the city as Murshidabad (the city of Murshid Quli Khan). After him the Hyderabad state too was in a state of turmoil. After his death in 1725, he was buried below the steps of the Katra Masjid. Besides he also built an inn and a mosque for foreign travellers. Explanation:Murshid Quli Khan was the first nawab of Bengal 1. Tomb Of Azimunnisa Begum Daughter Of Nawab Murshid Quli khan . But he was brought back as deputy subahdar in 1710. Later in 1717 he was Appointed as the governor. Taking the advantage of the unpaid soldiers, he brainwashed them then Quli Khan was responsible for the due of their salaries. Murshid Quli Khan, also known as Mohammad Hadi and born as Surya Narayan Mishra ( c. 1660 – 30 June 1727), was the first Nawab of Bengal, serving from 1717 to 1727. He was not pleased at his appointment as he intend to use the revenue collected from the state to fund his campaign to occupy the Mughal throne after Aurangzeb's death. contribs) 17:08, 29 October 2015 (UTC) Hello, I am Neil916 and I will be reviewing this article. a) Dewan Subah b) Dewan Khalsa c) Dewan Nizamat d) Dewan Ton. He was appointed as the naib, deputy to the governor of Bengal. As a result of which Quli Khan was appointed as the Diwan of Deccan in 1708 and served in the post till 1709. But the festivals which were celibrated with the greatest pomp and grandeur was mawlid the birth festival of the Islamic prophet Muhammad as well as the death of him. He toppled the Nasiri Dynasty of the Nawabs and took powers of the Nawab. He renamed the city after he went back to it. In 1717, Murshid Quli Khan was appointed as the Nawab Nazim of Murshidabad by Farrukhsiyar. He was the second son of Shah Quli Khan [Mirza Muhammad Madani]. He emerged as the ruler of Bengal under the Mughals. The Masjid was earlier so large, that 2000 people could offer prayers in the mosque at the same time. Answer. But the company paid no heed to the nawab's demands. The just nawab also made his intentions clear, of forgiving them if they erased his complaints and abided by the terms and conditions of trading as they did during the time of Murshid Quli Khan. He declared himself as the Nawab of Bengal and became the first independent nawab of the province. New questions in Sociology. The first English person to visit India was John Milden Hall, he came to India in 1599. Shuja Khan or Suja-ud-Daulla or Suja-ud-din Muhammad Khan, ascended the masnad (throne) of Murshidabad after the death of his father-in-law Murshid Quli Khan. Due to increase in trade, a new "class of businessmen arose" who also attended his durbar. In 1700, Murshid Quli Khan became the Dewan of Bengal and ruled till his death in 1727. He was given the Diwani of Bihar in the following year (1704) and raised to the Deputy-Subahdarship of Bengal in 1707. This page was last modified on 29 December 2015, at 18:20. He … [13] The capital was shifted from Dhaka to Murshidabad. Historian Chowdhury says that his real reason was to show his loyalty to the Mughal emperor so that he could run the state according to his own wish. In that year, Alivardi Khan deposed and killed Shuja-ud-din’s son, Sarfaraz Khan, and made himself the Nawab. Murshid Quli Khan. Alivardi Khan (Bengali: আলীবর্দী খান, romanized: Alibordi Khan, Persian: على وردي خان ‎; 1671 – 9 April 1756) was the Nawab of Bengal from 1740 to 1756. The fact that the first coins issued in Murshidabad dates 1704 is another strong evidence of the year. He changed the name of Makhsusabad to Murshidabad and as soon as Farrukhsiyar acknowledged his changing the name of Makhsusabad to Murshidabad he released Zurbe Murshedabad coin, in his own new mint. Murshid Quli Khan was the de facto Nawab of Bengal. But the British were the most successful among them. He did so even when the empire was in decline with the emperor vesting no power, as the power got concentrated in the hands of kingmakers. history. He was succeeded by his grandson Sarfaraz Khan. Aurangzeb gave him permission to rename the city Murshidabad. So Mukshusabad was renamed in 1703, according to Sarkar. In 1716-17, Murshid Quli Khan became the subahdar of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, and from that date a new office of Naib' (nawab) Nazim was created for administering eastern Bengal from Dhaka. The British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal. British arrival in India. (b) Murshid Quli Khan (c) Ali Vardi Khan (d) All of these. Murshid Quli Khan was rewarded by deputy-subahdarship of Orissa in addition to his posts in Bengal (1703). Historian Chowdhury says that Quli Khan was able to do so because he had the "support" of Aurangzeb. Its importance lies not only as a great centre of Islamic learning but also for the tomb of Murshid Quli Khan, who is buried under the entrance staircase. Also known as Rustum Jang he was a man of fine taste, endowed with poetic talents and had interests in calligraphy. He is known more by the name Shuja-ud-daulah. As soon as Farrukhsiyar acknowledged his changing the name of Makhsusabad to Murshidabad he released Zurbe Murshedabad coin, in his own new mint. [8], Quli Khan went to Bijapur to meet Aurangzeb and give him the revenue which was generated from the province. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. After he arrived in Bengal as Dewan, the office of Nazim was held by Prince Azim-ush-Shan, upon whose departure, the functions of the two posts became united in the same person and Murshid Quli Khan became the first Nazim and Dewan. [4] So he took them to him and said: You have conspired to assassinate me. At the age of 10 years he was bought by Haji Shafi, Mughal noble. At that time, Azim-us-Shan, a grandson of the Mughal emperor was the subahdar of the province. Meanwhile Murshid Quli Khan was gradually consolidating his position. Each one of them was a strong ruler. Later Shujat Khan, and Najat Khan also rebelled during the Murshid Quli Khan’s reign. But after he became the nawab, in around c. 1720, he passed a law prohibiting the export of rice. After his death, he worked under the Divan of Vidarbha, during which he got the attention of Aurangzeb, who sent him to Bengal as the Divan c. 1700. Asaf Jah and Murshid Quli Khan held a zat rank of 7,000 each, while Sa‘adat Khan’s zat was 6,000. It acquired its name in 1704 when Nawab Murshid Quli Jafar Khan changed the seat of government from Dhaka to Maksudabad, and named the latter after himself. Murshid Quli Khan of Bengal gradually united his force and position and in the year 1719 he renamed his capital city from Makhsusabad to Murshidabad after his name. He was also referred as Mohammad Hadi. He was born in 1660. Katra Masjid (also known as Katra Mosque) is a mosque and the tomb of Nawab Murshid Quli Khan built between 1723 and 1724. He had only one child name Zinat-un-Nissa, a daughter who later became the wife of Nawab Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan and mother of Sarfaraz Khan. So the hereditary succession was broken and the nawabship of the two provinces of Bengal and Bihar passed on to his son-in-law Shujauddin Muhammad Khan, popularly known as Shuja-ud-Daulah. Add your answer and earn points. Consider the following statement 1. In 1717, he was appointed as the Nawab Nazim of Murshidabad by Farrukhsiyar. [17], During Quli Khan's reign the people of the Murshidabad used to perform many festivals. Murshid Quli Khan, also known as Mohammad Hadi and born as Surya Narayan Mishra(c. 1660 – 30 June 1727), was the first Nawab of Bengal, serving from 1717 to 1727. Answer: (d) All of these The Bengal nawabs asserted their power and autonomy, as other regional powers were doing at that time. Also known as Rustum Jang he was a man of fine taste, endowed with poetic talents and had interests in calligraphy. Murshid Quli Khan was followed by Alivardi Khan and then Sirajuddaulah as the Nawab … Abstain doing such things, as it is a way of showing disrespect to the emperor. Murshid Quli Khan (1706-1725), the first of the Nawabs, became the subahdar of Bengal in 1717, he reigned over Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa form his capital Murshidabad with only nominal allegiance to the Mughal emperor. A. Mir Qasim. Murshid Quli Khan was diwan of Bengal under Aurangzeb.Farrukhsiyr made him the governor of bengal.Murshid Quli Khan Shifted his capital to Murshidabad in 1720. Murshid Quli Khan II son-in-law of Nawab shujauddin muhammad khan, was at first the naib-nazim of Jahangirnagar (Dhaka) and then of Orissa. In 16th – 17th century, people from European countries like Portugal, Holland, France, Denmark and England came to India as traders. Remember that the Alamgir (Aurangzeb) will come to know everything. Murshid Quli Khan died in 1727, and his son-in-law Shuja-ud-din ruled Bengal till 1739. Before Murshid Quli Khan arrived in Bengal there were four Dewan's or Ministers viz. After the death of Alivardi khan who became the nawab of Bengal? Murshid Quli Khan, also known as Mohammad Hadi was the first Nawab of Bengal, serving in the post from 1717 to 30 June 1727. The ‘Katra Masjid’ built by Nawab Murshid Quli Khan in 1723 AD, is unfortunately damaged, but continues to be well maintained. In 1717, he renamed his capital city from Makhsusabad to Murshidabad (after himself). Due to his pious nature, he used to follow Islam strictly and according to the Islamic rules, the visitors were fed two times a day. Immediately after his usurpation of power, Alivardi Khan had his takeover legitimized by the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah and resumed the policies of Murshid Quli Khan.Although he was the Nawab of Bengal he also used titles such as Nizam, he also chose Faujdars from various regions such as Patna, Dacca and Orissa.. The grave of Nawab Murshid Quli Khan lies under the staircase towards the entrance of the mosque on the east. Historian Abdul Karim disputes the date and claims it to be 1716, but all other sources use 1717. Join now. Secondary School. He also continued sending revenues from the state to the Mughal empire. The main mosque had five domes, two of which collapsed in the earthquake of 1897. The court needed money from the governors in order to maintain… They served as the rulers of the subah (or province) of Bengal from 1717 to 1765. Immediately after his coup Alivardi Khan had takeover legitimized by the Mughal Emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur and resumed the policies of Murshid Quli Khan.Although he was the Nawab of Bengal he also used titles such as Nizam, he also chose … As soon as Farrukhsiyar acknowledged his changing the name of Makhsusabad to Murshidabad he released Zurbe Murshedabad coin, in his own new mint. However, they were only nominally subservient to the Mughal Empire. In the heartland of the empire, the governors of Ayodhya and the Punjab became practically independent. Murshid Quli Khan, also known as Mohammad Hadi was the first Nawab of Bengal, serving in the post from 1717 to 30 June 1727.. Born as a Hindu Brahmin in the Deccan Plateau in c. 1670, Quli Khan was bought by Mughal noble Haji Shafi. The British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal. After his death around five years later, he returned to India and worked under Abdullah Khurasani, the Diwan of Vidarbha in the Mughal empire. Murshid Quli Khan was then the Nawab of Bengal. Our experts are building a solution for this. This is a video about Murshid Quli Khan. Murshid Quil Khan died in the year 1727. In the heartland of the empire, the governors of Ayodhya and the Punjab became practically independent. This question is part of 20000+ General Studies MCQ Series Course on GKToday … The emperor was happy with his works and gifted him clothes, flags, nagra and sword. The city became a centre of all the activities of the region. It is located in the north eastern side of the city. Murshid Quli Khan was appointed as the Diwan of Bengal by Aurangzeb. [20], Quli Khan died in 30 June 1727. -- View Answer: 3). Log in. Governor Murshid Quil Khan (1717-1727 A.D.) transferred the capital from Dacca to Murshidabad. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History. They refused to grant the Company concessions, demanded large tributes for the Company’s right to trade, denied it any right to mint coins, and stopped it from extending its fortifications. [6], Quli Khan felt that he was unsafe in Dhaka. Due to his expertise in the matter, he was noticed by the then Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. [11], But in 1710, Quli Khan was brought back as the diwan of the province on the advise of us-Shan. Alivardi Khan is known to have introduced and placed his artillery on large movable platforms, which were driven by oxen. Bengal's first Nawab After the death of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, first became the independent Nawab of Bengal. [18], Historian Chowdhury says that the condition of Hindus were "also good" during his reign as "they became more rich". 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Up their bases their the then Mughal emperor his policy of sending a part of Bengal 1717! Deccan in c. 1670, Murshid Qulī Khan had long held Bengal and Orissa, which driven... Conoscenza KidS and TeenS Istruzione-Formazione Best Viewed with GFS early years he was Nawab! And sword adat Khan ’ s affairs no heed to the Mughal jagirdari with...